For more than a decade, the countries of Central and Eastern Europe and Russia have been reforming and restructuring their legal systems. Although many important justice sector reforms have been carried out throughout the region, mechanisms to ensure individual access to legal information and assistance often remain inadequate and ineffective. As a result, many people – especially those who are poor or otherwise disadvantaged – do not have effective access to legal assistance in criminal and non-criminal matters. Throughout history, the Australian government established the Legal Services Offices in 1942 to develop a national system. In 1973, whitlam`s Labour Government Attorney General, Lionel Murphy, founded the Australian Legal Aid Office. Murphy recognized the urgent need for legal aid so that justice is equally accessible to all. Murphy said: « One of the main causes of citizens` inequality before the law is the lack of adequate and comprehensive legal aid arrangements across Australia. The Government`s ultimate goal is to ensure that legal aid is readily and equally available to citizens across Australia and that assistance with advice and support for litigation and litigation in all legal categories and in all courts is expanded. (The Honourable Senator Lionel Murphy AO QC, Attorney General) The establishment of the Australian Legal Aid Office in 1973 was followed by the establishment of state legal aid commissions. These offices now provide the majority of free or low-cost legal assistance to people in need.  In 1977, the Australian government passed the Commonwealth Legal Aid Commission Act 1977 (LAC Act), which established cooperation agreements between the Australian government and state and territory governments under which legal aid was provided by independent legal aid commissions to be established under state and territory laws. The process of setting up LACAs took more than a decade.
It began in 1976 with the establishment of the Western Australian Legal Aid Commission, followed the Victoria Legal Aid Commission (LACV) in 1978 and ended in 1990 with the establishment of the Tasmanian Legal Aid Commission. The cooperation agreements established by the LAC Act provided for agreements on the financing of mutual legal assistance in the Commonwealth, as well as in the States and Territories region, which began in 1987. The State shall ensure that the functioning of the legal system promotes justice on the basis of equal opportunities and, in particular, provides free legal aid through appropriate legislation or systems or otherwise to ensure that no citizen is denied the opportunity to obtain justice on account of economic or other handicaps.  Australia has a federal system of government that includes federal, state and territorial jurisdictions. The governments of Australia (Commonwealth) and the states and territories are each responsible for providing legal aid for matters arising from their laws. In addition, there is a network of about 200 independent, non-profit municipal legal centers. How to find a consulting office near you: Go to www. LawHelp.org and select the state you live in to find out who in your state can help you solve your legal problem. I do not have legal immigration status. Can legal aid help me? Each legal aid organization has its own rules on who is eligible for its services. However, if you become a victim of a violent crime or domestic violence, legal assistance can help you in any case that protects you from domestic violence or abuse, even if you do not have legal immigration status. If you have been a victim of domestic violence, legal aid can also apply for immigration on your behalf.
Some legal consulting firms specialize in a wide range of immigration law issues. Go to www. LawHelp.orgfor more information about the rules of legal aid offices in your area. Are there cases that are not handled by legal aid? Legal aid in civil matters does not deal with cases of pecuniary damage such as medical professional misconduct or car accidents, traffic offences or criminal cases. (For the difference between civil and criminal law issues, see The differences between the criminal court and the civil court). What can I expect from a litigant? Legal aid lawyers have the same qualifications as other lawyers. Everything you say to your lawyer is confidential, which means it won`t be shared with anyone outside the legal aid office. Since everything you say to your lawyer is confidential, tell your lawyer the truth. Your lawyer can help you better if you tell your lawyer the truth. I am not entitled to legal aid, where can I ask for help? Legal aid is closely linked to the welfare state, and the granting of legal aid by a state is influenced by attitudes towards social assistance. Legal aid is a social allowance from the State for persons who would not otherwise be able to afford legal aid. Legal aid also helps to ensure the application of social benefits by giving people entitled to social benefits, such as social housing, access to legal advice and the courts.
Legal clinics have become centres for legal assistance, counselling and holistic approaches to poverty reduction.  In these spaces, the poor have access to justice, as well as a less specialized pool of legal knowledge that deals with the most common complaints that affect the course of daily life, also known as the « generalist » approach, which creates a kind of « one-stop shop » that tries to meet all of a client`s legal needs in one space. Reduce the cost of multiple lawyers in multiple locations for multiple legal issues.  These websites also take into account the cultural and social considerations that contribute to mental and social aversions to receiving legal aid from disadvantaged groups.   A crucial part of this model is to pick up the customer where they are, or at least to be in a place that is actually feasible and convenient for the customer to visit. Include neighbourhood legal clinics and their multidimensional approach to a multifaceted topic. Because poverty law « is not a specialty, » there may be several problems that a single client may face at the same time and may not all be related to a particular case or intertwined to such an extent that dealing with one part of the problem leads to some sort of chain reaction that affects all moving parts.  However, in the late 1960s, the United States experienced negative reactions when people facing marginalization and poverty became beneficiaries of economic and social programs.  The « justice model » would be replaced by the « access to justice » model in response to the rapid social changes in American society under the Nixon administration. .